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What is Artificial Intelligence?


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More often we hear around talking about artificial intelligence, but what does it mean and how did this technology emerge?

The History of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence began to develop in the 1950s through the Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence at Dartmouth College, USA. Its origins date back to the time of Alan Turing, Allen Newell, and Herbert A. Simon, but the real strength of this concept was first seen in a chess competition when a supercomputer called Deep Blue managed to defeat him World Champion Garry Kasparov (1996).

Definition of artificial intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is nothing more than a branch of computer science dealing with the automation of intelligent behavior. Well, artificial intelligence cannot be defined very precisely, but I think we can all agree that it's about simulating human behavior and consciousness with computers. Remember the movie Terminator?

Different types of artificial intelligence

Artificially manipulated symbolic intelligence - it works with abstract symbols used to represent knowledge. It is the kind of classical artificial intelligence that follows the idea that the way of human thinking can be reconstructed at a logical level.

Artificial Neural Intelligence - became popular in the 80's when computer science began to take courage. Here, knowledge is not represented by symbols, but by artificial neurons and their connections - a kind of brain reconstruction. Unlike artificial intelligence based on symbols, the neural one needs training.

Neural networks - are organized into layers that connect to each other through stimulated lines. The upper layer is also the controller, a sensor that accepts and processes the information, then passes it down into the lower layers. Quite interesting, right?